The Basics of Words

Words are the most basic element of writing or speech. Not all words are the same and learning to use them in a sentence properly is the key to writing solid stories. Word classes are the general categories words fit into and each one has specific rules as to how they are identified and used. Today we will be looking at the basic word classes and how to identify them.

Nouns: are words that identify a person, place, thing, idea, quality, or state.
Examples: “bottle, happiness, house, man, war”

Pronouns: are used in place of already identified nouns in order to avoid repeating the identified noun.
Examples: “he, her, I, mine, she, they, you, her, we”

Adjectives: are words that give extra information about a noun.
Examples: “huge, loud, red, sharp”

Conjunctions: are words used to connect clauses, phrases, and sentences.
Examples: “but, if, or, when”

Prepositions: are words used in front of nouns or pronouns showing the relationship between the subject and the other words in the sentence.
Examples: “at, during, from, into, until, with,”

Verbs: describes what happens or what something does. This can be an action, change, event, or situation.
Examples: “ask, begin, call, dive, feel, hear, jump, run,”

Adverbs: are like adjectives but instead they give extra information to a adjectives, verbs or other adverbs.
Examples: “also, however, often, not, too, very”

This concludes the different word classes. In the advanced grammar section I will be going into each one in excruciating detail and a few we did not talk about here.


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